China Institute on the road 12/06/2015 by Shenzhan Liao, Director of Education at China Institute
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
On a chilly morning, December 5, 2015, visitors climb up the giant stairs at the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanjing, China. Construction of this massive Mausoleum began in 1926 and was completed in only 3 years. It was built to memorize Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the founding father of the Republic of China. Dr. Sun was the leader of the revolution overthrowing the Qing Dynasty in 1912. Well respected by both Republic of China (which ruled between 1912 and 1949) and the People’s Republic of China (current rulers since 1949), Dr. Sun was called “ Father of the Nation”. Today, Dr. Sun’s three ‘Principles of the People’ are still inscribed on top of the main building; they are the principles of Nationalism (min2 zu2, 民族), Democracy (min2 quan2, 民權), and Welfare (min2 sheng1, 民生).
In July of 2016, our Summer Study in China (SSC) program will take high school students to visit the Mausoleum and discuss Dr. Sun’s three principles as part of our trip to East China. Students will also get to sample some of the seafood and distinctive Southern Chinese culture that make this area famous. For more information, please visit: http://www.chinainstitute.org/education/programs-in-china/summer-study-in-china/